The problem of the imbalance in the equitable distribution of power and wealth, as well as the problems resulting from the dominance of the Center and the strong administrative and financial control and the nature of the relationship between center and local administrations (or national governance); had been one of the most important dilemmas and challenges faced by Yemen, whether before the revolution of September 26, 1962 or the subsequent or even after the achievement of Yemeni unity and the establishment of the Republic of Yemen on 22 May 1990.
These challenges have led to many conflicts, a state of political and security instability, disruptions in existing systems of government, growing discontent and popular dissatisfaction, compounded by increasing accumulations, reaching bloody conflict levels, numerous cycles of violence, and emergence of regional blocs and agglomerations which culminated in the demand for secession in some parts of Yemen, as in the southern governorates.
And In spite of all the attempts made to alleviate the regional conflicts, and to give an opportunity to encourage localities to play a role in the administrative and development field through the arrangement of local councils or local authorities, and the predominance of this issue on the outcomes of the national dialogue discussed on the restructuring of the state and the idea of regions and equitable distribution Of power, wealth and good governance; however, those attempts remained just ideas that did not find their way into implementation practice.
These efforts have been completely hindered by the events and developments that followed the completion of the Dialogue Conference, which was hoped to be an entry point for national reconciliation and tolerance among Yemenis, and start building the modern national state.
However, the reconciliation and tolerance was absent from the table of the dialogue conference, and the Yemenis emerged from it with their various components and orientations. They are more divided and divided, and this reached the bloody military confrontations and the intensification of entrenchment behind different positions and opposing tendencies in the absence of a comprehensive national project.
As it is hoped that the efforts of the United Nations and the support of the international community will bring the Yemeni parties back to the table of dialogue that can lead to the end of the current impasse and achieve an agreement that guarantees the achievement of peace and building the desired Yemeni state; it is one of the most important tasks of the next phase, whether transitional or the next, is to find objective and logical solutions to the relationship between the national (central) authority and the local authorities in the regions, provinces or administrative units in general.
This should be in accordance with what is agreed upon and brought out by the new constitution and in line with the Yemeni reality and meet the aspirations of the Yemeni people and their current and future needs.
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